Milk thistle seeds (Silybum marianum Gaertn.) dry extract, Dandelion root (Taraxacum officinale Weber) dry extract, Cauline artichoke leaves (Cynara scolymus L.) dry extract, Boldo leaves (Peumus boldus Molina) dry extract, Micronised beer yeast powder (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). L-Mothionine.
In 1968, a research team led by H. Wagner at the University of Monaco of Bavaria isolated in S. Marianum seeds three hepatoprotective compounds: silibinin, silidianina and silicristina. These substances are collectively known with the name of silymarin.
The beneficial effect on the liver are varied. The silymarin secured with a powerful binding to receptors of liver cell membranes through which penetrate the toxins, inhibiting its action. It is an effective antioxidant that protects liver cells from chemical processes responsible for numerous liver damage; it stimulates the repair of damaged cells and immune system function. The silibinin, more active ingredient in silymarin is particularly important in the treatment of various liver diseases.
The species has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine as a depurative able to eliminate the toxic and dissipate the nodules, with hepatic tropism (hepatitis) and gastric. The hepatobiliary activity, laxative, hypocholesterolemic, diuretic and antilisiac, supported by the draining effect and detoxifying of the excretory organs, justify the depurative and detoxifying properties of the species. At species it is assigned a trophic hepatobiliary, Administration of extracts of dandelion roots are effective in increasing the flow of bile and then the cholagogue and choleretic activities (triterpenes and sesquiterpenes). The drug decoction is used in folk medicine to optimize digestive functions disorders combining the properties with eupeptic properties. The species facilitates the digestive process by stimulating the secretions of all the gastrointestinal and digestive muscles.
In ancient times, this plant was used as a diuretic and, only in 1500, they began to use it as a remedy for liver damage and against jaundice. But it is only in recent years that has proven its real utility in the treatment of hepatobiliary diseases. It is the leaves used in herbal medicine for the cleansing action in liver, to lower the cholesterol level, for the diuretic, hypoglycemic, to promote the secretion of bile and to adjust the function of the gallbladder; in practice this plant plays a powerful purifying action of the organism, favoring the activity of the liver. It is recommended even in case of constipation, and diabetes, in case of water retention.
The leaves of boldo contain essential oils (cineole and ascaridol); flavonoids and alkaloids (Boldin) that give the plant a general detoxifying and cholagogue action that thins the bile, of which increases the secretion and decreases the viscosity. For this reason, the plant is used in seasonal cleansing treatment, such as liver protector, help to prevent liver damage, and mild hepatic and biliary insufficiency. The digestive properties make it useful for combating the dyspepsia (slow digestion), because it promotes gastric secretion and improves digestion of fats.
Methionine is used as a dietary supplement in diseases from malnutrition and liver disorders caused by insufficient intake of dietary protein. It takes just as well in case of toxic hepatitis, cirrhosis and anemia. This product is part of a group of lipotropic substances that help the liver metabolize lipids (fats).
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